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From court portraits for the Spanish royals to horrific scenes of conflict and suffering, Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746–1828) made a mark as one of Spain’s most revered and controversial artists. A master of form and light, his influence reverberates down the centuries, inspiring and fascinating artists from the Romantic Eugène Delacroix to Britart enfants terribles, the Chapman brothers.

Born in Fuendetodos, Spain, in 1746, Goya was apprenticed to the Spanish royal family in 1774, where he produced etchings and tapestry cartoons for grand palaces and royal residences across the country. He was also patronized by the aristocracy, painting commissioned portraits of the rich and powerful with his increasingly fluid and expressive style. Later, after a bout of illness, the artist moved towards darker etchings and drawings, introducing a nightmarish realm of witches, ghosts, and fantastical creatures.

It was, however, with his horrific depictions of conflict that Goya achieved enduring impact. Executed between 1810 and 1820, The Disasters of War was inspired by atrocities committed during the Spanish struggle for independence from the French and penetrated the very heart of human cruelty and sadism. The bleak tones, agitated brushstrokes, and aggressive use of Baroque-like light and dark contrasts recalled Velázquez and Rembrandt, but Goya’s subject matter was unprecedented in its brutality and honesty.

In this introductory book the authors set out to explore the full arc of Goya’s remarkable career, from elegant court painter to deathly seer of suffering and grotesquerie. Along the way, we encounter such famed portraits as Don Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga, the dazzling Naked Maja, and The 3rd of May 1808 in Madrid, one of the most heart-stopping images of war in the history of art.

    • Product Type: Monograph, Hardcover
    • 96 pages, with 100 illustrations
    • Published in 2016
    • Shipping Dimensions: 10.2 × 8.3 × 0.6 inches  (25.9 × 21.1 × 1.5 cm)
    • Shipping Weight: 1.24 lb (19.8 oz; 562 g)
    • SKU010002443 | 9783836532686

    In these collections:

    All Products | Basic Art Series Monographs | Books & Media | Francisco Goya | Gifts Under $25 | Monographs | Taschen
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    Portrait of Francisco Goya

    About the Artist

    Francisco Goya

    Francisco Goya (1746-1828) was a Spanish painter and printmaker who is widely considered one of the most important artists in Western art history. Born in the town of Fuendetodos, Goya began his artistic career as a painter of portraits and tapestry cartoons for the royal court in Madrid.

    Goya's early works reflected the Rococo and Neoclassical styles popular at the time, but his art underwent a dramatic transformation as he witnessed and experienced the turmoil of political and social upheaval in Spain. Influenced by the Enlightenment and the horrors of war and oppression, Goya's later works became darker and more introspective, earning him the title of the first modern artist.

    One of his most famous series of artworks, "Los Caprichos," depicted a satirical and critical view of Spanish society, exploring themes of corruption, superstition, and the abuse of power. Another significant series, "The Disasters of War," captured the atrocities and human suffering during the Napoleonic invasion of Spain.

    Goya's innovative techniques, bold use of color, and raw emotional expression laid the groundwork for future artistic movements such as Expressionism and Surrealism. His profound impact on the art world and his ability to convey the complexities of the human condition through his art make him a towering figure in the history of Spanish and European art.

    Francisco Goya in the Chrysler Museum
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